Learning by Doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods. (Parker and Bradley, 2007, p4) When working with JK, I was made aware of his engagement with mental health services, usually provided through the medical professions. (2012) Social Work: A Critical Approach to Practice, London: Sage. Social Work Reflection forms a central part of social work practice and education, and it is particularly important for social workers in placement settings or newly, qualified social workers (D’cruz et al, 2007; Parker, 2010). Apply a wide range of knowledge and skills to help build family relationships, resource and resilience so that the welfare of the child remains … The Knowledge Base of Social Work. Factors that promote and hinder joint and integrated working between health and social care services, Working with Substance Misusers: A Guide to Theory and Practice. Due to the limits of the current medium, I will be focusing mostly on, reflection-on-action. He received depot injections monthly for his mental health, difficulties, and he found these instances particularly distressing. The people with whom we worked usually had a multitude of presenting issues and concerns, and I was aware from the onset that complex settings like this, require social workers to be reflective in their practice in order to be able to deal with a variety of situations (Fook and Gardner, 2007). The Practice Competency Framework (PCF) domains provide some direction about, what areas social workers are expected to emphasise in practice, and what needs to be evidenced in order to successfully complete a placement. internalized rage involving suicidal ideation, self-mutilation and eating disorders, Deliberate self-harm, also called self-mutilation, is defined as, Any deliberate, repetitive attempt to harm one s own bodily tissue without a conscious desire to commit suicide, 11 percent of all deaths of adolescents between the ages of 12 and 19 were, suicidal gestures, suicide attempts, serious attempts and suicide completions, According to the study conducted by Rutter and Behrendt (2004) adolescents who were at the greatest risk of committing suicide, were plagued by feelings of hopelessness, had little to no social support, had feelings of hostility, and had a negative self-concept, the intentional starving of oneself and the refusal to maintain excepted body weight, Early signs of Schizophrenia onset during adolescence often include, increasing social isolation, particularly from peers, intellectual decline in all areas of cognitive functioning, indications of confused thought, and hallucinations, delusions, hallucinations, cognitive impairment, and disorganized behavior, Residential care for the adolescent population struggling with severe behavior disorders had, Most runaway and homeless adolescents and youth are living on the streets because they have, run away from an abusive home, or have been kicked out of their homes by parents who no longer wish to take care of them, or have aged out of the foster care system, do not necessarily reduce recidivism rates in young offenders, Researchers suggest that the reason why African American adolescents were more commonly diagnosed with conduct disorders, whereas Caucasian adolescents more often received a diagnosis of depression was because, of cultural differences and misconceptions, According to Cummings & Drugs (2011) study about adolescents and depression revealed that, African American, Latino, and Asian adolescents with major depression were significantly less likely to receive mental health treatment, including prescription medication, than non-Hispanic white adolescents, regardless of income levels and health insurance, Among all racial groups, which of the following was the most underserved, regardless of need, Among all racial groups, which of the followed had the highest rate of mental health utilization, Adolescents from what racial group was most often first exposed to treatment in the juvenile justice system, despite a long history of diagnosable mental health problems. I have, therefore, chosen to discuss one such case, where I engaged in substantial reflection. It promotes wellbeing by empowering clients, families or groups. Firstly, reflection-on-action, which involves reflecting, on an experience that you have already had, or an action that you have already taken, and considering what could have been done differently, as well as, looking at the positives from that interaction. To some extent this is an area that I found reflection, lacking in. Teater, B. Communication with children and young people is at the heart of child and family social work 2. Working closely with JK over a period of several months supported me to be able to identify. services 14 The evidence base 15 Workforce and leadership 16 Case study: The Importance of senior leadership in . Social workers work with a number of people at any one time. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Tew (2005) believes if mental health services were more receptive to the social model of. In Session A this allowed me to see how JK’s addiction and. The increasing influence of post-modern theory, which does not promote one paradigm over another, but focuses on the subjective nature of truth, has helped, to alleviate these issues in social work to some extent (Fook, 2012). JK had, clearly been the subject of this stigma throughout his life. Social work is a profession that works for betterment of society. things that I could have done differently. Looking for a flexible role? Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. McCarthy, T. and Galvani, S. (2004) ‘SCARS: A new model for social work with substance misuse’ Practice, 16(2), 85-97. Company Registration No: 4964706. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Schön, D. (1983) The Reflective Practitioner, New York: Basic Books. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. This is often referred to as a caseload. This article presents findings of a small-scale, multi-method study of social workers’ use of knowledge in practice. Unequal power dynamics, concerns around oppression and issues with stigma are all societal, problems that social workers need to engage with not just on a micro-level, but also a macro-level. Ixer, G. (1999) ‘There’s no such thing as reflection’ British Journal of Social Work,29, 513-527. The relationship between social work practice and knowledge has always been ambivalent, sometimes even dismissive. Gibbs, G. (1988) Learning by Doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Finally, I used this reflection to look at things that I could have done differently, including a, decreased focus on theory and engaging more with other services. However, I could have made more of an effort to engage with them, or at least discuss with JK how much consultation he would like me to have with those other workers. Healy, K. (2005) Social Work Theories in Context: Creating Frameworks for Practice, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Reflection forms a central part of social work practice and education, and it is particularly important for social workers in placement settings or newly qualified social workers (D’cruz et al, 2007; Parker, 2010). Although I engage with and explored multiple models of reflection during my placement, the model of reflection that I found most useful was Schon’s, theory of reflection (Schon, 1983; 2002). Among Piaget s many findings is his discovery that children, adolescents, and adults each think differently. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Clement, J., Williams, E. and Waters, C. (1993) ‘The client with substance abuse/mental illness: Mandate for Collaboration’ Achieves of Psychiatric Nursing, 7(4), 189-196. However, these power, dynamics cannot be ignored, and underline all social work practice.I acknowledged the inherent power dynamics from the inception of my interactions with, JK. Marginalized populations are often members of society who are displaced due to poverty and other defining characteristics that are stigmatized by society According to the text, social workers are committed to It begins with an account of how this subject has been conceptualized and then looks at practice knowledge in terms of three overlapping themes: knowledge acquisition, knowledge use and knowledge creation. Although not cove… members of society who are displaced due to poverty and other defining characteristics that are stigmatized by society, According to the text, social workers are committed to, supporting individuals to function at a level within society that best supports the collective goals of their community, help individuals as well as communities function at their maximum potential, overcoming personal and social barriers as effectively as possible in the major domains of living, According to the text, if communities have a shortage of social workers in some cases, licensing boards may permit, the lessening of education levels and the lowering of licensing requirements, Individuals, groups, organizations, communities and societies are examples of, A term that implies the broad and varied knowledge base of the social work profession is, Ecological systems theory is a conceptual framework that, examines the ways in which individuals think about their personal and social situations and challenges, Urie Bronfenbrenners believed that individuals could best be understood when evaluated in the context of their relationship with, Social works typically believe that by understanding the nature of reciprocal relationships between human systems will aid in understanding, the reciprocal relationship between the individual and his or her environment. Fook, J. Many of the people that we worked with had been subject to section 2 or 3 orders under the Mental Health Act 1983/2007, and were now. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. The knowledge base of social work. The background to this case study, and my involvement with him, will, JK is a man in his 50s who was born in Nigeria but moved to the UK at a young age. BASW promotes social work research through: Active partnership in direct research; Facilitating the involvement of individuals, groups and organisations in research; The publication of research in academic journals It is essential, that social workers have the confidence to question their own practice, the organisation that they work in, and dominant power structures in society at, large (Fook, 1999). Champney-Smith, J. mental health problems were also linked to issues with accommodation, physical health, relationships and employment. Being from Nigeria originally, and coming from a different cultural background than, myself, meant that I had to be particularly careful in applying theory to the work that I did with JK.However, it is also clear that practice cannot just. Of particular importance when working with service users who have a dual diagnosis was systems theory, and I found this theory to be particularly important, when reflecting on Session A. Healy (2005) has recognised that systems theory have been highly influential on the knowledge base of social work. current practice environments, with some bemoaning the “cult following” that has developed around reflection in the social work sphere (Ixer, 1999: 513). principles of human rights and social justice. JK had a long history of substance misuse and mental health problems. Milner, J. and O’Byrne P. (2002) Assessment in Social Work Basingstoke: Palgrave. Social work is a practice-based profession that promotes social change, development, cohesion and the empowerment of people and communities. any issues quickly, and by the time I we were engaged in Session A, we had a good working relationship. Cornered Addictions Rescue System (SCARS) was useful in that it took into account a person who was dealing with an addictions situation holistically, rather than just focusing on the addiction in isolation (McCarthy and Galvani, 2004). It will require all social workers to demonstrate their knowledge of human growth and development, particularly development of children and other vulnerable groups, their communication skills and their ability to work confidently and effectively with other professionals. ... "Common Base of Social Work Practice" Includes basic skills for all social workers. clearly appreciated my anti-oppressive approach, where I tried to work with him in partnership, and he was always keen to know when we would meet next. Fook, J. Reflection was particularly important when making the transition from university learning to the learning experienced in a placement setting. The child and family social worker will know and be able to do the following: 1. Values and. Thompson, N. (2009) Practicing Social Work: Meeting the Professional Challenge, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Social work practice involves the understanding of human development, behavior and the social, economic and cultural institutions and interactions. I will then explore my, experience of reflection, and how reflective practice supported me to apply theory to practice. (2010) Effective Practice in Social Work, Exeter: Learning Matters. Davis, A, (2007) ‘Structural Approaches to Social Work’ in J. Lisham (Ed.) The strengths of recent changes include greater social work practice agency involvement in social work education, social work educators’ ongoing engagement with practice and practice developments, greater clarity about necessary social competencies for social workers and about their knowledge-base, and heightened requirements for those entering social work. Tew (2005) noted that the in the social model of mental distress, core values required include looking at the person and their situation holistically. SCIEwa… Handbook for Practice Learning in Social Work and Social Care: Knowledge and Theory, London: JK. Finally take a critical look at my practice, and suggest. A degree of scepticism about existing knowledge, beliefs and values. The other type of reflection Schon notes is reflection-in-action, or reflecting on your actions as, you are doing them, and considering issues like best practice throughout the process. We promote human rights and social justice. Our knowledge comes from social work practice, theory, law, research, expertise by experience, and from other relevant fields and disciplines. In its simplest terms, reflection “provides us with an opportunity to review our, decisions and decision-making processes” however, in practice, reflection is a far more complex concept (Trevethick, 2005: 251). You can view samples of our professional work here. correct course, or who should take the lead (Clement et al, 1993; Champney-Smith, 2004). According to Hare (2004), social work intervenes at the points where people interact with? I recognised that where unequal power dynamics exist in a relationship, it is usually the partner with the most power that benefits most from the, interaction (Milner and O’Byrne, 2002). It has to be noted that reflection is not always recognised as a self-evidently positive mechanism. JK also had a substantial history of criminal activity, which he said became necessary. As noted above, this was particularly important in the case of JK, who was from a different culture than me. This can come from both internal sources (personal, reconsideration) and external sources (professional support or research), and this new information can completely re-construct the way that an incident or, event is considered, and change the narrative that we are engaged in. The idea that "lower level needs must be met before an individual can achieve higher level needs" describes which of the following? be based on routine or habit, with no basis in evidence (Thompson, 2009). There are critics of the way reflection is promoted in. Miles, A. However, it, soon became clear to me that the fast-paced working environment, where at times paperwork was promoted over practice, meant that reflection could, potentially be ignored in favour of bureaucracy and targets (D’Cruz et al, 2007). I discussed how I engaged with different models of reflection, experienced power, dynamics, and explored different interpretations of mental distress. There is a stigma attached to having a mental illness, and even when contact with services has ceased, that stigma usually persists (Miles, 2005). *You can also browse our support articles here >. It may be badly collected or recorded, make unjustified claims or ignore evidence from other sources. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Tew, J. Schon advocated 2 types of reflective practice. experiencing aftercare under section 117. The emphasis must be on practice and the practical relevance of theory. In this reflective essay, I have explored my practice setting in relation to a particular case study. Defining a strengths-based approach to social work 6 Legislative and policy context 8 Social work and strengths-based practice 11 Perspectives from experts by experience/people using . Dewey, J. (1987) The Mentally Ill in Contemporary Society, Oxford: Blackwell. that the knowledge base of social work is broad and varied. Day-to-day work involves assessing people’s needs, strengths and wishes, working with individuals and families directly to help them make changes and solve problems, organising support, making recommendations or referrals to other services and agencies, and keeping detailed records. This more informal working setting was where he felt he could speak most openly to me. and procedures as a shield against engaging in reflection on complex ethical subjects (Banks, 2006). Yip (2006) aptly notes that models like those, described above are most useful when starting out the reflective process, and I quickly adapted and developed a model of reflection that was most, Social work has traditionally been constructed as the professional knowing best, and continues to be practised in a way where the practitioner holds most, of the power (Holmes and Saleeby, 1993). Boud and Knight (1996) equally describe how reflection has come to be seen as “self-evidently worthwhile” without significant, critique (p.32). Banks, S. (2006) Ethics and Values in Social Work, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Develop and apply relevant knowledge from social work practice and research, social sciences, law, other professional and relevant fields, and from the experience of people who use services . To, some extent, this was the fault of the other professionals, who did not consult me on the work they were doing with JK, and literature has noted that, collaboration is particularly difficult when working with dual diagnosis service users, as mental health and addiction services can disagree over the. the reason why some individuals are in need of social work services. Critical reflection and analysis . ethics are central to this framework, and comprise domain 2. at times that he felt that he was not listened to by medical professionals, and just moved from service to service having things done to him. Atkins, S. and Murphy, K. (1994) ‘Reflective Practice’, Nursing Standard8(39) 49-56. My placement was based at a not for profit mental health agency, where we provided psycho-social support for people who have experienced mental health, difficulties. An important part of reflection in social work is the application and consideration of theories in practice (Trevethick, 2012). removing the “us” and “them” thinking that tends to dominate mental health services, listening to what people really have to say, and being committed to anti-oppressive practice. user can feel depersonalised (Parker, 2010). He had an allocated, community psychiatric nurse (CPN) who would visit occasionally, and at times he also met with a psychiatrist. Involves picking the right technique & using it appropriately. interweaving features: theoretical knowledge (or theory), factual knowledge. They must be research minded and draw from the findings of relevant research in … Ixer (1999) recognises that focusing too much on assessing reflection can lead to a prescriptive approach to reflection that is, uncompromising. It ensures social workers gain and can demonstrate the applied knowledge, competences and values needed in meeting the complexity of the functions and duties of MHOs and particular skills in relation to mental health social work. ‘A balance approach would suggest that social work assessment is both an art and a science since it involves wisdom, skills, appreciation of diversity and systematic applied knowledge in practice’. VALUES AND ETHICS - Apply social work ethical principles and value to guide professional practices Social workers have an obligation to conduct themselves and make decisions in accordance with our Code of Ethics. This type of critical reflection should be ongoing for social workers in practice, and to, some extent it would be difficult to work in a complex setting like I was without being reflective. This includes working in partnership with people who use our services. Working with Substance Misusers: A Guide to Theory and Practice, London: Routledge. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. beginning of social work process. Although I noted some areas I could have improved on in, my interactions with JK, what was most apparent in my work with him was that my willingness to explore his paradigm and perspectives opened him up to. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Working with Substance Misusers: A Guide to Theory and Practice, London: Routledge. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Effective Practice Learning in Social Work. in placement settings and when starting a new role (Knott and Spafford, 2010). Critical reflection is also part of this framework, making up the entirety of domain 6. of how social workers use knowledge in their day to day practice with service users and carers. Referrals to the agency could come from social services, GP surgeries, and other not-for-profit organisations. As a social worker, you will work with people to find solutions to their problems. 19th May 2017 They must be able to conceptualise, reflect analyse and critically evaluate both underpinning knowledge and their own practice. All social workers contribute to creating as well as using professional knowledge. The starting point for this paper is the view that social work practice is a highly skilled activity and one that calls for an extensive knowledge base and considerable intellectual abilities. Cameron, A., Lart, R., Bostock, L. and Coomber, C. (2012) Factors that promote and hinder joint and integrated working between health and social care services, London: SCIE. Reflection, and in particular critical reflective practice, forms a key part of this, as social workers are called on to reconsider and, reconstruct the dominant social discourse. I was able to look at my own practice, and my own assumptions and narratives; however, I was unable to determine how best to address wider. Communication involves social workers using a range of methods and techniques like touch, play, signing, body language, writing, drawing, activities, using symbols and other specialist tools to engage and communicate with children and young people 3. Support from colleagues and supervisors was also invaluable in this process (Ruch, 2002). In this essay I will explore my experience of reflection during my practice placement, and in particular in, relation to a specific case study. Knott, C. and Spafford, J. All work is written to order. It has been noted that the theory base of social work is dominated by euro-centric discourse, meaning that certain paradigms or, perspectives may be excluded unintentionally (Trevethick, 2012). Department of Social Work, Social Care and Community Studies Sheffield Hallam University UK ABSRACT The UK Government has categorically stated in its Knowledge and Skills Statement for Children and Family Social Work (DfE 2014) what social workers need to know and be able to do when responding to concerns about children. The Myth of Mental Illness: Foundations of a Theory of Personal Conduct, An Introduction to Applying Social Work Theories and Methods, Practicing Social Work: Meeting the Professional Challenge. HelenCosisBrown. When I worked with him, he lived in a housing project that was, specifically meant to house ex-offenders. Although I will, discuss my involvement with JK more broadly,I will focus on one particular key working session that we had, where JK was most descriptive about all his, concerns and the issues that were effecting him (session A). Oh no! engaging with me on a range of issues, that otherwise may have remained hidden. A best practice approach offers an opportunity to move away from the “climate of negativity” experienced by social work in the UK (Jones et al., 2008:1), and to celebrate some of the achievements of skilled social work practitioners. Social workers need to be prepared to critically reflect on the theory that they, are bringing to practice. This is significant because reflection is particularly important when a critical incident like, this has been experienced, and a less reflective approach could lead to a less holistic or even inadvertently oppressive account of what had transpired, Different models of reflection supported me throughout the reflective process. During the Great Depression adolescents were discouraged from working because it took jobs away from adult men. Suter et al (2009) have found that a willingness to, communicate is a key characteristic needed for effective collaboration, and after the other professionals were not active in engaging with me, I lost this. Abstract. I found these to be very helpful in working with JK. A third and final section of this knowledge framework describes the way that knowledge can be applied to the world of social work practice. This paper has analysed the knowledge base of social work in terms of three. Whatever approach one takes, being critically reflective involves a number of key things (Brookfield, 1998), including: An analysis of our assumptions. (2010) An Introduction to Applying Social Work Theories and Methods, Maidenhead: Open University Press. The theory base of social, work is essential to all the work that we do in practice (Teater, 2010). inequality and societal oppression of people like JK. The social work profession emphasises the need to link theory and practice, making this ability a requirement for qualification. The power dynamics are slightly different in a non-statutory setting like I was working in. Gibb’s Model of Reflection (1988) and Atkin and Murphy’s Model. I then moved on to look at how reflection promoted me to engage with theory in, practice, in particular in relation to systems theory. Handbook for Practice Learning in Social Work and Social Care: Knowledge and Theory. How we Think: A restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the education process. The Professional Capabilities Framework (PCF) says that social workers should “make use of research to inform practice” and the Knowledge and Skills Statement for child and family practitioners says they should “make use of the best evidence from research to…
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