Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is the most important farmed fish species, followed by mullets and carps. Eleven commercial marine species belonging to seven families also inhabit the coastal lagoons. The Nile Delta is roughly 500 km (310 mi) wide and 800 km (500 mi) long; the coastline as it meets the Mediterranean is 225 km (140 mi) long. A few of the plants that live in the Nile are the Lotus Flower and The Papyrus Reed. Opium poppy – As the name suggests this is the species of poppy from which opium is derived – the source of narcotics like morphine. Plume thistle – Found all over Egypt, but especially around the Nile, the plume thistle is a tall biennial plant that consists of a rosette of leaves, a taproot and a flowering stem. A delta is a low-elevation plain where sediment is deposited at the mouth of a river. The plant has blue-purple or white flowers and silver-green foliage. Therefore, the three river systems share a similar flora and fauna, and endemism in the Nile is low (Kingdon 1989). Blue Egyptian water lily – The ‘blue lotus’ is one of the most iconic plants on the Nile. The delta is made up mainly of alternating layers of silt and sand, laid down by the Nile over the past 10 thousand years or so. Win a Christmas bundle worth over £1,500! Although very uncommon, deltas can also empty into land. Wiley Interscience, New York, 868 pp, Eisawy A, El-Bolock A (1975) Status of aquaculture in the Arab Republic of Egypt. The tall leafless grass has a greenish cluster of stems at its tip and has been used historically to produce papyrus paper. Management plans and necessary measures have been suggested. There are many species of chamomile, however the one common to the Nile is Matricaria – a type commonly used in herbal remedies. Zahran and Willis (2003) gave a full description about the plant life in the River Nile in Egypt. Semi-intensive aquaculture in earthen ponds is the most important farming system in the Nile Delta region. Traditionally, the stems were peeled and boiled for consumption. You will learn about the types of soil, and all about these plants. Nymphaea lotus is an important component of the Egyptian vascular aquatic plants, and more especially encountered in the irrigation and drainage canals in the Nile delta. How loud would stars be if space was full of air? In: Ansari AA, Gill SS (eds) Eutrophication: causes, consequences and control. A river delta is a landform created by deposition of sediment that is carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or stagnant water. In 1843 it was decided to build a series of diversion dams (barrages or weirs) across the Nile at the head of the delta about 12 miles downstream from Cairo, so as to raise the level of water upstream to supply the irrigation canals and to regulate navigation. Rome, FAO, pp 7–49, GAFRD (General Authority for Fish Resources Development) (2015) Fish Statistics Year Book 2013. http://www.fao.org/fishery/statistics/global-capture-production/query/en, GAFRD (General Authority for Fish Resources Development) (2004) Fish Statistics Year Book. The annual fish production from natural fisheries has been stable at about 300,000 to 400,000 mt during the past two decades. Plants In the Nile River. This study evaluates the species richness, phenology and effect of environmental factors on the composition of canal and drain vegetation in the Nile Delta, Egypt. Along the river upstream, the banks support dense growths of reeds (genus Phragmites) and bulrushes (genus Typha). The Nile Delta aquifer is among the largest underground freshwater reservoirs in the world (Sherif et al. The Nile Delta is the terminal part of a 3.17 million km 2 wide river basin that spans 11 countries before joining the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt. In: Dumont HJ (ed) The Nile: origin, environments, limnology and human use, vol 723. Scribes wrote records and books on papyrus, but this was not the only use. Papyrus – This species of aquatic flowering plant belongs to the sedge family. Papyrus – This species of aquatic flowering plant belongs to the sedge family. The Nile (Arabic: النيل ‎, romanized: an-NÄ«l, Arabic pronunciation: , Bohairic Coptic: ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲟ Pronounced , Nobiin: Áman DawÅ«) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, and is the longest river in Africa and the disputed longest river in the world, as the Brazilian government says that the Amazon River is longer than the Nile. 3. 2. Intech, pp 349–370, EEAA (Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency) (2011) Summary of the annual report (2009–2010) on the environmental monitoring program of the Northern Lakes (in Arabic), 18 p, Cataudella S, Crosetti D, Ciccotti E, Massa F (2015) Sustainable management in Mediterranean coastal lagoons: interactions among capture fisheries, aquaculture and the environment. On the other hand, aquaculture has been sharply expanding during the same period, contributing 75% to total fish production in Egypt in 2013. 16/03/2013. The Nile Delta lagoons (coastal lagoons), namely, Lake Maryut, Lake Edku, Lake Burullus, and Lake Manzala, and the Nile River, are the major inland fisheries in Egypt. Different fishing gears, including gill nets, trammel nets, cast nets, surrounding seines, drift nets, and traps, are widely used in Nile Delta lakes and inland waters. There are many plants that grow beside and in the Nile River. Did a mega impact kill off the dinosaurs. Its design, which includes a vine-like peninsula with outcroppings, is reminiscent of Dubai’s Palm Islands, World, and Universe artificial archipelago developments. The basin's drainage covers a percentage of the U.S. that's almost identical to the percentage of Africa drained by the Nile. Egyptian J Aquat Res 33:183–192, Dorgham M (2011) Eutrophication problem in Egypt. Smooth species compositional changes were found in the first three zones. 11 Fascinating Nile River Plants and Animals Bamboo. Altogether, 365 stands were sampled along the terraces, slopes, littoral zones and water zones of 28 canals and 10 drains. Date palms grow here as well as sycamore, carob and Acacia. Contracted $20 million, 40,000 m 3 /d plant will serve New Mansoura development. The present study aims at identifying the plant communities of the urban habitats in the Nile Delta region, Egypt. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Cairo, Egypt, van Zwieten PAM, Béné C, Kolding J, Brummett R, Valbo-Jørgensen J (eds) (2011) Review of tropical reservoirs and their fisheries – the cases of Lake Nasser, Lake Volta and Indo-Gangetic Basin reservoirs. The Lower Nile (North) and the Upper Nile (South) have plants that grow in abundance. The Nile in Egypt has 533 species of plants, 8 of which are endemic. With broad leaves and colourful blue blooms, this water lily stands out amid the sandy tones of Egypt. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper, No. What is used to colour stained-glass windows? CIFA Technical Paper No. Nile waters are diverted to irrigate 5.36 million 4. The latest talks to resolve the dispute between Ethiopia and Egypt over the future of a giant hydropower project on the Nile River are due to resume in Washington later. When did we first start forecasting the weather? Nile tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus) is the most important farmed fish species, followed by mullets and carps. The Nile River within Egypt has at least 553 plant species associated with it, of which at least 8 species are endemic. The Upper Nile plant is the Egyptian lotus, and the Lower Nile plant is the Papyrus Sedge (Cyperus papyrus), although it is not nearly as plentiful as it once was, and is becoming quite rare. PhD dissertation, University of Rhode Island, 146 pp, FAO (2015) Global Capture Production 1950–2013. One of the most useful crops was papyrus. Other methods, such as Tara, Hosha, Doura, Shelp, eel nets, mullet nets, Lokkafa, and Kerba, are also used in the coastal lagoons. Cite as. Crops grown in the Nile Valley include cotton, cereals, sugarcane, beans, oil seed crops and peanuts. 1. Is it true that polar bears are actually black? 1999a).Previous investigations revealed that seawater intrusion in the Nile Delta aquifer has extended inland more than 100 km from the Mediterranean coast (e.g. . Ninety-five percent of Egyptians live along the Nile or in its delta. The massive Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, in India and Bangladesh, is a tide-dominated delta, shaped by the rise and fall of tides in the Ba… (2008) reported an ecological study on the aquatic vegetation in North East Nile Delta of Egypt. Why doesn’t a spider get stuck in its own web? The delta and riverine wetlands of the ecoregion are an important stopping point for … Abu Ziada et al. Studies and Reviews, General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean, No 95. Not logged in Proceedings of the Symposium on Aquaculture in Africa. Intensive culture in floating cages, earthen ponds, and concrete tanks is also widely spreading. During autumn, parts of the Nile River are red with lotus flowers. Although remote and undeveloped, the Nile Delta desert islands reveal the critical state of the Nile River and its people. Flowing 4,000 miles through desert lands, the waters of the Nile have sustained life in Sudan and Egypt since ancient times and … Along the coast of Egypt’s Nile Delta, construction of the remarkable, visionary city of New Mansoura was decreed in 2017. In: Grillo O (ed) Biodiversity – the dynamic balance of the planet. Twenty commercial freshwater species belonging to seven families inhabit the Nile and its tributaries, and some of them are also living in the coastal lagoons. Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2011, pp 171–194, © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016, Faculty of Science, Oceanography Department. The Lotus Flower will grow in … How It Works © 2020. Chamomile – This is a daisy-like plant from the family Asteraceae. Powered by  - Designed with the Hueman theme. Dams and reservoirs. Will we use hyperloops to commute in the future? Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Snow geese are not only grazers but also grubbers, digging up … 1. Tide-dominated deltas usually form in areas with a large tidal range, or area between high tide and low tide. Farid 1985; Sherif et al. The major challenges and threats facing Nile Delta fisheries are land runoffs with heavy pollution, anthropogenic activities, invasive species, and illegal fishing practices. This is a preview of subscription content, Hamza W (2014) The Nile fishes and fisheries. It had a spiritual link to the Ancient Egyptian deity Nefertem. Eighth International Water Technology Conference, IWTC8 2004, Alexandria, Egypt, pp 393–408, Mageed AA (2007) Distribution and long-term historical changes of zooplankton assemblages in Lake Manzala (South Mediterranean Sea, Egypt). Semi-intensive aquaculture in earthen ponds is the most important farming system in the Nile Delta region. 5. Fruit trees are planted here and eucalyptus has been introduced. Part of Springer Nature. In: Cataudella S, Crosetti D, Massa F (eds) Mediterranean coastal lagoons: sustainable management and interactions among aquaculture, capture fisheries and the environment. Large bamboo plants, Africa. 557, Rome, FAO, 2011, 148 pp, El-Shabrawy GM (2009) Lake Nasser–Nubia. 213.136.63.44. Deltas are wetlands that form as rivers empty their water and sediment into another body of water, such as an ocean, lake, or another river. Not affiliated This delta barrage scheme was not fully completed until 1861, after which it was extended and improved; it may be regarded as … Contracted $20 million, 40,000 m3/d plant will serve New Mansoura development. Springer Science + Business Media B.V. pp 125–155, Bardach JE, Ryther JH, McLarney WO (eds) (1972) Aquaculture: the farming and husbandry of freshwater and marine organisms. The delta is rich in wetland plant species that grow in the remaining freshwater wetlands and coastal strip. The Nile Delta flooded savanna ecoregion (WWF ID: PA0904) covers both the Nile Delta proper, where the Nile River enters the Mediterranean Sea, as well as the river floodplains of the Nile 1,100 kilometres (680 mi) up-river to the Aswan Dam. Could vaccinations have stopped the spread of plague in medieval times? This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, The Nile Delta Its design, which includes a vine-like peninsula with outcroppings, is reminiscent of Dubai’s Palm Islands, World, and Universe artificial archipelago developments. Their traditional winter diet is marsh hay cordgrass, saltgrass, bulrush, and other marsh plants. pp 495-516 | (2003) also studied the ecology of water hyacinth community type in the River Nile system in Egypt. Although today the only papyrus left in Egypt is cultivated, in prehistoric and pharaonic times the wetter parts of the Nile Valley and large areas of the Delta were papyrus swamp, in which the plants grew to heights of up to 3 metres. Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Cairo, Egypt, Oczkowski AJ (2009) Fertilizing the land, lagoons, and sea; a first look at human impacts on the Nile Delta fishery, Egypt. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Intensive culture in floating cages, earthen ponds, and concrete tanks is also widely spreading. The rich delta soil is used … Along the coast of Egypt’s Nile Delta, construction of the remarkable, visionary city of New Mansoura was decreed in 2017. The tall leafless grass has a greenish... 2. 4, Supplement 1, pp 5–13, Donia N, Hussein M (2004) Eutrophication assessment of Lake Manzala using GIS techniques. All Rights Reserved.
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